Winter health problems

Colds

  • Bugs on various surfaces used by other people, such as light switches and door handles usually causes various problems.
  • One can prevent colds by washing your hands regularly destroying bugs.
  • Keep the house and household items such as cups, glasses and towels clean, especially if someone in your house is ill.
  • Tip: Use disposable tissues instead of cloth handkerchiefs to avoid constantly reinfecting your own hands.


Sore throat

  • Sore throats are common in winter and are almost always caused by viral infections.
  • Even change in temperature or weather, such as going from a warm, centrally heated room to the chill outdoors, can also affect the throat.
  • Tip: As told by our parents also as one quick and easy remedy for a sore throat is to gargle with warm salty water. It has anti-inflammatory properties and can have a soothing effect.
  • Dissolve one teaspoon of salt in a glass of part-cooled boiled water.


Asthma

  • Cold air is a major trigger of asthma symptoms such as wheezing and shortness of breath as burning of crops also starts during the start of winter.
  • People with asthma should be especially careful in winter.
  • Tip: If you do go out, wear a scarf over your nose and mouth.
  • Keep rescue inhalers close by and in a warm place.

Norovirus

  • Norovirus is also known as the winter vomiting bug, it is an extremely infectious stomach bug.
  • During winter season it is more active and very commonly found in places such as hotels and schools. The illness is unpleasant, but it's usually over within a couple of days.
  • Tip: It's important to drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration because of vomiting.
  • Norovirus basically attacks young children and the elderly most.
  • By drinking oral rehydration fluids (available from pharmacies), you can reduce the risk of dehydration.

Painful joints

  • People with arthritis joint pain becomes more painful in winter.
  • Only joint symptoms such as pain and stiffness are affected by the weather.
  • Tip: Daily exercise can boost a person's mental and physical state which boost immunization and lesser joint pains.


Heart attacks

  • Heart attacks are more common in winter. This may be because cold snaps increase blood pressure and put more strain on the heart. Your heart also has to work harder to maintain body heat when it's cold.
  • Tip: Stay warm in your home. Keep the main rooms you use at 21 degree Celcius (70°F) and use a hot water bottle or electric blanket to keep warm in bed. Wrap up warm when you go out and wear a hat, scarf and gloves.


Dry skin

  • Dry skin is a common condition and is often worse during the winter, when environmental humidity is low.
  • Moisturising is essential during winter.
  • Moisturising lotions and creams aren't absorbed by the skin, instead, they act as a sealant to stop the skin's natural moisture evaporating away.
  • The best time to apply moisturiser is after a bath or shower while your skin is still moist, and again at bedtime.
  • Tip: Have warm, rather than hot, showers. Water that is too hot makes skin feel more dry and itchy. Hot water will also make your hair look dull and dry.


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