Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue.Breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in breast shape, dimpling of the skin, fluid coming from the nipple, or a red scaly patch of skin. In those with distant spread of the disease, there may be bone pain, swollen lymph nodes, shortness of breath, or yellow skin.


Symptoms of Breast Cancer

How the Breast Or Nipple Feels

  • Nipple tenderness or a lump or thickening in or near the breast or underarm area.
  • One can also see the change in the skin texture or an enlargement of pores in the skin of the breast  like  an orange peel's texture.
  • A lump in the breast which suggest that it  should be investigated by a concerned Doctor or medical professional and keep in mind that not all lumps are cancerous.
  Change In The Breast Or Nipple Appearance
  • Any unexplained change in the size or shape of the breast.
  • Hollow type touch feeling anywhere on the breast.
  • Unexplained swelling of the breast (especially if on one side only).
  • Unexplained shrinkage of the breast (especially if on one side only).
  • Recent asymmetry of the breasts apart from natural difference in breast.
  • Nipple that is turned slightly inward or inverted.
  • Skin of the breast, areola, or nipple that becomes scaly, red, or swollen or may have ridges or pitting resembling the skin of an orange.

Nipple Discharge—Particularly Clear Discharge Or Bloody Discharge

It is also important to note that a milky discharge that is present when a woman is not breastfeeding should be checked by her doctor, although it is not linked with breast cancer.

In case of any thing unusual or above said symptoms do visit your doctor without wait as its curable if detected at early stage.

Risk Factors

Risk factors can be divided into two categories:

  • modifiable risk factors (things that people can change themselves, such as consumption of alcoholic beverages), and
  • fixed risk factors (things that cannot be changed, such as age and biological sex).


There are two common methods of early detection:
  • Mammogram. A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast that can often find tumors that are too small for you or your doctor to feel. Experts do not agree about when or how often women should have mammograms. Some recommend that you begin screening at age 40, and some recommend that you begin screening at age 50. Your doctor may suggest that you have a screening mammogram at a younger age if you have risk factors for breast cancer.
  • Clinical breast examination (CBE). During your routine physical exam, your doctor may do a clinical breast exam. During a CBE, your doctor will carefully feel your breasts and under your arms to check for lumps or other unusual changes. Talk to your doctor about whether to have a clinical breast exam.

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